Children in the World

 
 

Macedônia

Macedônia

Children 0-11:
24%

Girls:
125
Boys:
137




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Macedônia

Macedônia

Crianças 0-11:
24%


Meninas:
125
Meninos:
137




*Total de refugiados dos quais há dados demográficos disponíveis.

Palestina

Palestina

Children 0-11:
0%

Girls:
-
Boys:
-




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Espanha

Espanha

Children 0-11:
0%

Girls:
-
Boys:
-




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Eslováquia

Eslováquia

Children 0-11:
12%

Girls:
44
Boys:
20




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Eslovênia

Eslovênia

Children 0-11:
17%

Girls:
11
Boys:
20




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Papua Nova Guiné

Papua Nova Guiné

Children 0-11:
31%

Girls:
1.395
Boys:
1.514




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Panamá

Panamá

Children 0-11:
14%

Girls:
1.153
Boys:
1.203




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Paraguai

Paraguai

Children 0-11:
11%

Girls:
10
Boys:
5




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Filipinas

Filipinas

Children 0-11:
5%

Girls:
3
Boys:
3




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Coreia do Sul

Coreia do Sul

Children 0-11:
13%

Girls:
30
Boys:
35




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Moldávia

Moldávia

Children 0-11:
7%

Girls:
8
Boys:
6




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Children 0-11:
23%


Girls:
66
Boys:
68




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Paquistão

Paquistão

Children 0-11:
36%

Girls:
283,327
Boys:
298,071




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Emirados Árabes Unidos

Emirados Árabes Unidos

Children 0-11:
23%

Girls:
70
Boys:
74




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Kuwait

Kuwait

Children 0-11:
23%

Girls:
65
Boys:
91




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Cazaquistão

Cazaquistão

Children 0-11:
23%

Girls:
64
Boys:
65




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Jordânia

Jordânia

Children 0-11:
36%

Girls:
54,739
Boys:
53.092




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Jamaica

Jamaica

Children 0-11:
15%

Girls:
1
Boys:
2




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Israel

Israel

Children 0-11:
3%

Girls:
704
Boys:
704




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Iraque

Iraque

Children 0-11:
28%

Girls:
13.459
Boys:
13.679




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Irã

Irã

Children 0-11:
31%

Girls:
4.493
Boys:
4.555




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Omã

Omã

Children 0-11:
25%

Girls:
21
Boys:
13




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Indonésia

Indonésia

Children 0-11:
14%

Girls:
70
Boys:
191




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Índia

Índia

Children 0-11:
19%

Girls:
1.753
Boys:
1.776




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Nigéria

Nigéria

Children 0-11:
23%

Girls:
372
Boys:
360




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Islândia

Islândia

Children 0-11:
14%

Girls:
4
Boys:
4




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Níger

Níger

Children 0-11:
46%

Girls:
12.091
Boys:
11.187




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Guiana

Guiana

Children 0-11:
14%

Girls:
-
Boys:
1




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Nicarágua

Nicarágua

Children 0-11:
10%

Girls:
6
Boys:
6




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Nepal

Nepal

Children 0-11:
22%

Girls:
4.395
Boys:
4.618




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Guiné-Bissau

Guiné-Bissau

Children 0-11:
36%

Girls:
1.365
Boys:
1.437




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Namíbia

Namíbia

Children 0-11:
32%

Girls:
286
Boys:
290




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Guiné

Guiné

Children 0-11:
27%

Girls:
1.475
Boys:
1.361




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Moçambique

Moçambique

Children 0-11:
35%

Girls:
1.544
Boys:
1.530




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Marrocos

Marrocos

Children 0-11:
16%

Girls:
63
Boys:
54




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Guatemala

Guatemala

Children 0-11:
4%

Girls:
3
Boys:
3




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Montenegro

Montenegro

Children 0-11:
21%

Girls:
808
Boys:
906




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Gana

Gana

Children 0-11:
21%

Girls:
1.739
Boys:
1.657




Germany

Germany

Children 0-11:
8%


Girls:
23.173
Boys:
24.627




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Georgia

Georgia

Children 0-11:
22%

Girls:
37
Boys:
34




México

México

Children 0-11:
9%

Girls:
79
Boys:
56




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Gâmbia

Gâmbia

Children 0-11:
38%

Girls:
1.884
Boys:
1.877




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Mauritânia

Mauritânia

Children 0-11:
47%

Girls:
12.911
Boys:
12.990




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Gabão

Gabão

Children 0-11:
14%

Girls:
112
Boys:
128




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

França

França

Children 0-11:
0%

Girls:
-
Boys:
-




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Fiji

Fiji

Children 0-11:
0%

Girls:
-
Boys:
-




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Mali

Mali

Children 0-11:
47%

Girls:
3.189
Boys:
3.430




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Etiópia

Etiópia

Children 0-11:
47%

Girls:
81.571
Boys:
83,841




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Malásia

Malásia

Children 0-11:
18%

Girls:
7.787
Boys:
8.236




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Estônia

Estônia

Children 0-11
6%

Girls:
-
Boys:
4




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Malaui

Malaui

Children 0-11:
39%

Girls:
1.261
Boys:
1.264




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Eritreia

Eritreia

Children 0-11:
44%

Girls:
752
Boys:
822




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

El Salvador

El Salvador

Children 0-11:
4%

Girls
2
Boys:
-




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Madagascar

Madagascar

Children 0-11:
11%

Girls:
0
Boys:
1




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Madagascar

Madagascar

Crianças 0-11:
11%


Meninas:
0
Meninos:
1




*Total de refugiados dos quais há dados demográficos disponíveis.

Egito

Egito

Children 0-11:
32%

Girls:
18.411
Boys:
16.420




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Equador

Equador

Children 0-11:
11%

Girls:
3.177
Boys:
3.254




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Lituânia

Lituânia

Children 0-11:
17%

Girls:
12
Boys:
13




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Lituânia

Lituânia

Crianças 0-11:
17%


Meninas:
12
Meninos:
13




*Total de refugiados dos quais há dados demográficos disponíveis.

Líbia

Líbia

Children 0-11:
18%

Girls:
601
Boys:
661




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Libéria

Libéria

Children 0-11:
44%

Girls:
14.547
Boys:
14.689




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Lesotho

Lesotho

Children 0-11:
15%

Girls:
1
Boys:
4




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Djibouti

Djibouti

Children 0-11:
29%

Girls:
2.752
Boys:
2,789




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Líbano

Líbano

Children 0-11:
40%

Girls:
25.763
Boys:
27.289




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Letônia

Letônia

Children 0-11:
14%

Girls:
4
Boys:
10




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Curaçao

Curaçao

Children 0-11:
21%

Girls:
1
Boys:
2




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Croácia

Croácia

Children 0-11:
7%

Girls:
21
Boys:
26




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Costa do Marfim

Costa do Marfim

Children 0-11:
31%

Girls:
597
Boys:
643




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Children 0-11:
15%

Girls:
1.354
Boys:
1.775




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Congo

Congo

Children 0-11:
40%

Girls:
20.003
Boys:
19.978




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Colômbia

Colômbia

Children 0-11:
9%

Girls:
14
Boys:
7




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Children 0-11:
19%

Girls:
12
Boys:
10




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

China

China

Children 0-11:
19%

Girls:
14
Boys:
13




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Chade

Chade

Children 0-11:
39%

Girls:
68.497
Boys:
67801




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Canadá

Canadá

Children 0-11:
15%

Girls:
774
Boys:
756




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Camarões

Camarões

Children 0-11:
39%

Girls:
19.047
Boys:
19.559




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Camboja

Camboja

Children 0-11:
10%

Girls:
1
Boys:
7




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Burundi

Burundi

Children 0-11:
41%

Girls:
8.531
Boys:
8.609




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

Children 0-11:
41%

Girls:
7.726
Boys:
8.548




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Children 0-11:
5%

Girls
149
Boys:
181




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Bolivia

Bolivia

Children 0-11:
7%

Girls:
21
Boys:
29




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Benin

Benin

Children 0-11:
30%

Girls:
712
Boys:
757




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Belarus

Belarus

Children 0-11:
17%


Girls:
44
Boys:
51




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Bangladesh

Bangladesh

Children 0-11:
40%


Girls:
5.983
Boyss:
6.121




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Bahrain

Bahrain

Children 0-11:
23%


Girls:
42
Boys:
24




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Bahamas

Bahamas

Children 0-11:
8%


Girls:
0
Boys:
3




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

Children 0-11:
26%


Girls:
195
Boys:
189




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Armenia

Armenia

Children 0-11:
6%


Girls:
75
Boys:
94




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Argentina

Argentina

Children 0-11:
5%


Girls:
43
Boys:
31




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Algeria

Algeria

Children 0-11:
24%


Girls:
11
Boys:
20




* Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Albania

Albania

Children 0-11:
26%


Girls:
10
Boys:
12




*Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Children 0-11:
43%


Girls:
3.352
Boys:
3.470




*Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

South Africa

South Africa

Children 0-11:
0%


Girls:
-
Boys:
-




*Total refugees for which demographic data are available.

 

 

In situations of forced displacement due to a type of persecution, armed conflict, violence or violation of human rights, children are the most vulnerable victims. As asylum seekers, refugees, internally displaced persons, stateless or unaccompanied, torn from their homes and families, many lose their childhood in exile, risking abuse, neglect, violence, exploitation, trafficking or forced recruitment by armed groups. But even in these emergency situations, children can show strength and hope, finding ways to deal with and overcome trauma and suffering.

UNHCR has the demographic data of 62% of the population under its mandate (22.2 million people). Of this total, 33% are children between zero and twelve incomplete years (13% from 0 – 4 and 20% from 5 – 11). Among children aged zero to four, 49% are girls. Among children five to eleven, 51% are girls.

 

Asylum Seekers Children

The refugee children is one who consider theireselves to be the victim of persecution in their country of origin or who has been forced to leave due to armed conflict, violence and widespread human rights violations and formally request the protection of another government. The procedure for determining refugee status varies from country to country, as each establishes the legal situation and the rights and duties of the refugee in accordance with their legal system. In some countries not signatories to any international refugee instruments and at the request of national authorities, UNHCR can play the role of recognition of refugee status.

Of the total number of asylum seekers in 2012, 34% are children.

 

Refugee Children

Under the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (1951), refugee children are those who have been forced to leave their country of origin because of a well-founded fear of persecution on grounds of race, religion, nationality, belonging to a particular social group or political opinion.

Broad definitions adopted by some countries also include as refugees children who have been forced to leave their country due to armed conflict, violence and widespread human rights violations.

Of the total number of UNHCR mandated refugees in 2012, 46% are children.

 

Internally Displaced (IDP)

The internally displaced child is one that, to flee because of armed conflict, generalized violence or human rights violations, does not cross an international border to find security while remaining within their own country and under the protection of their government. The original UNHCR mandate does not assist IDPs specifically.

Of the total of internally displaced persons of 2012, 47% are children.

 

Repatriated Children

The repatriated children is the one who returned to their country of origin voluntarily, usually with assistance, aid and monitoring of the UNHCR in the reintegration process.

Of the total refugee returnees of 2012, 52% are children. Of the total number of internally displaced persons who returned home in 2012, 50% are children.

 

Stateless Children

The stateless children are born without nationality or have their nationality withdrawn by the State, thus being without protection of a national State.

Of the world’s total of stateless people in 2012, 54% are children. Others: 54%.

 

Unaccompanied and Separated Children (UASC)

In situations of armed conflict or other disasters, especially when sudden population displacements or mass displacements occur, many children are eventually removed from their families.

According to the UN inter-agency guidelines, separated children are those separated from the parents or legal guardian, but not necessarily from other relatives. This category may therefore include children accompanied by other adult members of the family.

Unaccompanied children were separated from their parents and any other relatives, and were not under the custody of any legal guardian.

According to UNICEF, the separation may be accidental or intentional during states of emergency and occur in different ways:

  • The child was not with the parents at a time when people were forced to move suddenly, or;
  • Lost during displacement, at the beginning of the attack / while traveling to a safer location, or;
  • The child’s parents were murdered / died because of illness, or;
  • The child is entrusted to a neighbor / unknown for temporary custody, or;
  • The child is taken to an orphanage by the parents themselves, who felt incapable of providing the necessary care and protection, or;
  • The child is sent to the care of other family members allegedly living in safer areas, or;
  • The child is briefly left alone while the parents look for food / water, or;
  • They were under the care of other people and was forced to move before their parents’ return, or;
  • They were hospitalized.

According to UNHCR data, in 2012, 21,300 refugee requests were made by unaccompanied children in 72 countries, most of them from Afghanistan (7,000) and Somalia (1,300). It is the highest index registered by the agency since the beginning of the systematic collection of data in 2006 and represents about 4% of the total requests for refuge.

In 2011, 17,700 refugee requests were registered in 69 countries; in 2010, 15,600 were also distributed among 69 countries.

In 2012, Europe received 14,300 refugee requests (about two-thirds), mainly in Sweden (3,600), Germany (2,100), Austria (1,600) and the United Kingdom (1,200). In addition to the European continent, Kenya and Indonesia were two other major destination countries, receiving respectively 3,200 and 1,200 new refugee applications.

In 2012, 5,400 unaccompanied children were recognized as refugees or received some complementary type of protection. Europe accounted for 67% of all positive opinions. In 2011, 5,200 were recognized; In 2010, 5,400 and in 2009, 7,700.

 

Sources: UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), The Lost Ones: Emergency Care and Family Tracing for Separates Children From Birth to Five Years, April 2007, Available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/468e2f632.html

 

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